Topic 96

walking muscles gait muscle limb bioengineering motor movement participants ankle control treadmill force joint motion healthy upper kinematic hip arm during kinematics emg movements lower subjects joints adults velocity speed stance walked shoulder was mechanical knee measured cost leg task tasks young hand feedback body forces running were training performance neuroscience postural foot isometric devices robotic improve degrees torque speeds when locomotion soleus tendon trials trunk coordination after performed exoskeleton moment contraction sensorimotor condition compared recorded step synergies posture elbow who swing than three system people increased energy torques electromyography stride rehabilitation parameters calculated physiology passive peak values wearable older

146 items. Top items listed below.

Muscle forces comprise a more sensitive measure of post-stroke movement deficits than joint angles 96 23 2

Step width and frequency to modulate: Active foot placement control ensures stable gait 96 15 2

Adaptation of reach action to a novel force-field is not predicted by acuity of dynamic proprioception in either older or younger adults 144 96 23 2

Similar sensorimotor transformations control balance during standing and walking 96 23 2

Mechanics and energetics of walking and running up and downhill: A joint-level perspective to guide design of lower-limb exoskeletons 96 15

A Controlled Slip: Training Propulsion via Acceleration of the Trailing Limb 96 15

Stabilization demands of walking modulate the vestibular contributions to gait 96 2

Trunk Control during Gait: Walking with Wide and Narrow Step Widths Present Distinct Challenges 96 15 2

Upper body and ankle strategies compensate for reduced lateral stability at very slow walking speeds 96 15

Simulation of Stand-to-Sit Biomechanics for Design of Lower-Limb Exoskeletons and Prostheses with Energy Regeneration 96 15

Two-dimensional video-based analysis of human gait using pose estimation 96 59 4

How Well Do Commonly Used Co-Contraction Indices Approximate Lower Limb Joint Stiffness Trends during Gait? 96 15

Muscle activation patterns are more constrained and regular in treadmill than in overground human locomotion 96 2

Muscle Metabolic Energy Costs While Modifying Propulsive Force Generation During Walking 96 15

Explicit feedback and instruction do not change shoulder muscle activity reduction after shoulder fixation 96 23 2

Evaluation of Synergy Extrapolation for Predicting Unmeasured Muscle Excitations from Measured Muscle Synergies 96 59 4

A model-based analysis of the mechanical cost of walking on uneven terrain 96 15

Gait variability is affected more by peripheral artery disease than by vascular occlusion 96 15

Inter-session repeatability of Theia3D markerless motion capture gait kinematics 96 59 15 2


Shortcomings of human-in-the-loop optimization for an ankle-foot prosthesis: a case series 96 15

Achilles tendon stiffness minimizes the energy cost in simulations of walking in older but not in young adults 96 15

Revealing the unique features of each individual her/his muscle activation signatures 96 26 2

Long-lasting event-related beta synchronizations of electroencephalographic activity in response to support-surface perturbations during upright stance 96 42 2

Identifying differences in gait adaptability across various speeds using movement synergy analysis 96 15 2

How does external lateral stabilization constrain normal gait, apart from improving medio-lateral gait stability? 96 15

Functional and Structural Moment Arm Validation for Musculoskeletal Models: A Study of the Human Forearm and Hand 96 59 4

Does increased gait variability improve stability when faced with an expected balance perturbation during treadmill walking? 96 15 2

Robot-aided Training of Propulsion During Walking: Effects of Torque Pulses Applied to the Hip and Knee Joints During Stance 96 15

Lower complexity of motor primitives ensures robust control of high-speed human locomotion 96 2

Forelimb unloading impairs glenohumeral muscle development in growing rats 96 15

Effects of Perturbation Velocity, Direction, Background muscle activation, and Task Instruction on Long-Latency Responses Measured from Forearm Muscles 96 15 2

Time course of changes in the long latency feedback response parallels the fast process of short term motor adaptation 96 23 2

Efferent Retargeting in Above-Knee Amputees is Positively Related to Phantom Limb Pain 96 2

Slow walking synergies reveal a functional role for arm swing asymmetry in healthy adults: a principal component analysis with relation to mechanical work. 96 15 2

Standing on elevated platform changes postural responses during arm movement 96 15 2

The Effect of a Virtual No-Step Zone on Balance Control in Walking 96 2

Novel methodology for assessing total recovery time in response to unexpected perturbations while walking 96 15 2

Musculoskeletal Model Personalization Affects Metabolic Cost Estimates for Walking 96 15 4

Simulating the impact of glenohumeral capsulorrhaphy on movement kinematics and muscle function in activities of daily living 96 15 2

Discrete action control for prosthetic digits 96 59 4

Effects of targeted assistance and perturbations on the relationship between pelvis motion and step width in people with chronic stroke 96 15

No evidence of impaired sensorimotor adaptation in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome 96 23 15 2

Action imitation via trajectory-based or posture-based planning 96 23 2

Direct Continuous EMG control of a Powered Prosthetic Ankle for Improved Postural Control after Guided Physical Training: a Case Study 96 15

Cortical beta oscillatory activity evoked during reactive balance recovery scales with perturbation difficulty and individual balance ability 42 2

Myoelectric digit action decoding with multi-label, multi-class classification: an offline analysis 96 26 4

Spinal stretch reflexes support efficient control of reaching 96 23 2

A Kinematic Index for Estimation of Metabolic Rate Reduction in Running with I-RUN 96 15

Predicting walking response to ankle exoskeletons using data-driven models 96 15

Inertial sensor-based centripetal acceleration as a correlate for lateral margin of stability during walking and turning 96 18 4

Enthalpy efficiency of the soleus muscle explains improvements in running economy 96 15

Shared internal models for feedforward and feedback control of arm dynamics in non-human primates 96 23 2

Design and Performance Evaluation of a Wearable Passive Cable-driven Shoulder Exoskeleton 96 15

Non-invasive brain-spine interface: continuous brain control of trans-spinal magnetic stimulation using EEG 96 80 2

Differential neural plasticity of individual fingers revealed by fMRI neurofeedback 144 23 2

The underlying mechanisms of improved balance aftershort- and long-term training in older adults 96 15 2

Contributions of Implicit and Explicit Memories to Sensorimotor Adaptation of Movement Extent During Goal-Directed Reaching 96 23 2

Increased upper-limb sensory attenuation with age 96 23 2

The Effects of Motor Modularity on Performance, Generalizability and Learning in Upper-Extremity Reaching: a Computational Analysis 96 2

Synergies analysis produces consistent results between motion analysis laboratories 96 59 4

Mechanical Work Accounts for Most of the Energetic Cost in Human Running 96 18 15

Vision affects gait speed but not patterns of muscle activation during inclined walking - a virtual reality study 96 23 2

Co-contraction uses dual control of agonist-antagonist muscles to improve motor performance 96 2

The high energetic cost of rapid force development in cyclic muscle contraction 96 15

Serial sarcomere number is substantially decreased within the paretic biceps brachii in individuals with chronic hemiparetic stroke 96 15 2

Quantifying mechanical loading and elastic strain energy of the human Achilles tendon during walking and running 96 15

Effect of synchronization of firings of different motor unit types on the force variability in a model of the rat medial gastrocnemius muscle 96 15 2

Practice modifies the response to errors during a novel motor sequence learning task 144 23 2


Motor learning in real-world pool billiards 96 23 2

Speech motor behavior can be altered through reinforcement learning 23 2

Effects of practice on a mechanical horse with an online feedback on performing a sitting postural coordination 96 15 2

Motor variability prior to learning is a poor predictor of the ability to adopt new movement solutions 144 23 2

Goal-dependent tuning of muscle spindle receptors during movement preparation 96 23 2

From a biological template model to gait assistance with an exosuit 96 18 15

People can learn new walking patterns without walking 96 2

Pre-movement changes in sensorimotor beta oscillations predict motor adaptation drive. 144 42 23 2

Maintained representations of the ipsilateral and contralateral limbs during bimanual control in primary motor cortex. 23 2

Independent and sensitive gait parameters for objective evaluation in knee and hip osteoarthritis using wearable sensors 96 15

Validation of a smartphone embedded inertial measurement unit for measuring postural stability in older adults 96 15 2

Teleoperation of an ankle-foot prosthesis with a wrist exoskeleton 96 23 2

Upper extremity exomuscle for shoulder abduction support 96 15

Effective Assessments of a Short-duration Poor Posture on Upper Limb Muscle Fatigue before Physical Exercise 96 15

Gait asymmetry, and bilateral coordination of gait during a six-minute walk test in persons with multiple sclerosis 96 15

Uncertainty-driven regulation of learning and exploration in adolescents: A computational account 58 23 2

Individual variation in Achilles tendon morphology and geometry changes susceptibility to injury 96 85

Martial arts training is related to implicit intermanual transfer of visuomotor adaptation 96 23 2

Top-down contextual requirement to suppress self-movement influences grasp-specific modulation of corticospinal excitability during action observation 80 23 2

Gait-symmetry-based human-in-the-loop optimization for unilateral transtibial amputees with robotic prostheses 96 15

Non-selective inhibition of the motor system following unexpected and expected infrequent events 23 2

Somatosensory versus cerebellar contributions to proprioceptive changes associated with motor skill learning: A theta burst stimulation study 80 2

Neural mechanisms underlying distractor inhibition on the basis of feature and/or spatial expectations. 23 2

Solving musculoskeletal biomechanics with machine learning 26 4 2

Technology-aided assessment of functionally relevant sensorimotor impairments in arm and hand of post-stroke individuals 96 15 2

Using asymmetry to your advantage: learning to acquire and accept external assistance during prolonged split-belt walking 96 2

Mechanical characteristics of ultrafast zebrafish larval swimming muscles 96 18 15

Sensory feedback-dependent coding of arm position in local field potentials of the posterior parietal cortex 42 23 2

Automated Analysis of Medial Gastrocnemius Muscle-Tendon Junction Displacements During Isolated Contractions and Walking Using Deep Neural Networks 96 26 15 4

Increasing the gradient of energetic cost does not initiate adaptation in human walking 96